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Y Faenol estate,bangor
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Default Y Faenol estate,bangor - 02-07-2011, 23:49

We stumbled on this walking through the woods in bangor, heres some of the history from wikipedia,

Vaynol (English, pronounced /ˈveɪnɒl/) or Y Faenol (Welsh, [ə.ˈvaɛnɔl]), is a country estate dating from the Tudor period, near Y Felinheli in Gwynedd, North Wales (grid reference SH536695). There are 1,000 acres (4.0 km2) of park, farmland, and gardens on the estate, with over thirty listed buildings, surrounded by a wall which is 7 miles (11 km) long. "Y Faenol" means "the manor", from the Welsh word maenol.

The origins of the estate go back to the 16th century when the bishops of Bangor began to sell property belonging to their manor, Maenol Bangor.[1] The estate was then developed during this century by a family called Williams, passed to the crown in 1696, and then was taken over by the Assheton Smith family in 1756.[2] This area of Wales is known for its slate production, and the Assheton Smith family profited greatly from slate quarrying, including ownership of the Dinorwic Quarry. Even after farms were let on long leases to encourage good tenant behaviour, slate was their main economic interest. The family then extended their estate through enclosure, including the enclosure of the existing properties at Gallt-y-foel.

The Assheton Smith family remained in possession of the estate until the twentieth century. In 1847, it passed to Mary Astley, niece of Thomas Assheton-Smith of Vaynol, who was married to Robert George Duff, a distant cousin of the Earls of Fife. Vaynol passed in turn to their two eldest sons (the first of whom left no male heir), and each of these sons took the surname Assheton-Smith instead of his original name of Duff. The younger son, Sir Charles Garden Assheton-Smith, was created a baronet in 1911. His son and grandson, however, the 2nd and 3rd baronets, reverted to the original name of Duff. Sir Michael Duff, 3rd baronet, had an adopted son but left the estate on his death in 1980 to a blood relation, a nephew, and it was then sold.

The gates to the Vaynol Estate
At the beginning of the twentieth century, the estate amounted to 36,000 acres (150 km2) and had 1,600 tenants, although within a few years it became necessary to sell parts off, a pattern to be repeated again later. The last of the family, Sir Michael Duff, 3rd Baronet, died in 1980. The estate was not passed onto his adopted son, Charles, but was put up for auction in 1984; Caernarfon-based Glan Gwna Estates Ltd now owns the bulk of the land.

The buildings on the estate include two halls: Faenol Old Hall, much of which dates from the Williams period of ownership; and Faenol Hall, began in 1793 and extended during the nineteenth century. Once Faenol Hall was built, Faenol Old Hall became a farm house and subsequently deteriorated in condition to the extent that in 2003 it appeared on the BBC's Restoration programme, championed by Robert Hardy. In 2009, the BBC revisit the projects, and said Faenol Hall is now ' in private ownership and has been restored.'.[3] There is also a very old barn building.

In the second half of the nineteenth century the park contained a zoological garden, but this was dismantled by 1900. The park has been the setting for Bryn Terfel's Faenol Festival since 2000 and in 2005 hosted the National Eisteddfod. BBC Radio 1's Big Weekend was held at the park over the weekend of the 22 and 23 May 2010.

Inside the building are what have been said too be witchcraft or paganism symbols ...

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