NorthWest Exploration Forum  
FAQ Calendar Mark Forums Read
Go Back   NorthWest Exploration Forum > Site Reports > Leisure & Other
Reload this Page Herculaneum Dock Petroleum Stores - Liverpool - September - 2012 -
Leisure & Other Religious buildings, Swimming pools, Hotels, Railway related stuff.
Or any other places that don't seem to fit anywhere else!

Thread Tools Display Modes
Herculaneum Dock Petroleum Stores - Liverpool - September - 2012 -
georgie's Avatar
georgie is Offline
Super Moderator
Posts: 733
Join Date: Jul 2009
Arrow Herculaneum Dock Petroleum Stores - Liverpool - September - 2012 - - 21-09-2012, 20:27

Herculaneum Dock History............taken from

Active Period - 1767 to 1972


A small tidal basin is on the site that will be Herculaneum Dock. It is used to take copper ore to a local smelting business (smelting is the process where metal is extracted from ore by melting it).


Local businessmen plan a wet dock for the site that will become Herculaneum Dock.


The Liverpool Dock Committee buys the site that will become Herculaneum Dock. This is to prevent competition. They do not begin to develop it yet.


Work begins to build Herculaneum Dock. Most Liverpool docks are built onto the shore, but Herculaneum is dug from dry land using explosives. Unexcavated material forms a dam that keeps the water out until the dock is finished. Removed material is dumped out at sea.

Two graving docks are also opened. These are the main reasons for building the dock.


Herculaneum Dock is officially opened. It will be mainly deal in:

ship repair


A third graving dock opens at Herculaneum Dock.


Herculaneum quay is permitted to deal in petroleum.


A new branch is added to Herculaneum Dock. This improves access to the graving docks.

Short tunnels with heavy doors (casemates) are dug into the sandstone above the dock. They are used for storing petroleum. For safety purposes these are well away from other docks. They are the first specialist facility on the Mersey. Other dangerous materials are also stored there including turpentine, resin and explosives.


Parts of Herculaneum Dock are enlarged.


A buoy store is built at Herculaneum Dock to clean and repair buoys, cables, small boats etc.


Two 25-ton coaling cranes and other equipment arrive at Herculaneum Dock. The coal is for ships' bunkers, for export and for the Board's large steam plant.


Bulk storage opens at Herculaneum Dock. Oil is piped directly from ship to store.


A fourth graving dock opens at Herculaneum Dock. Dredgers, coasters, steam hoppers, tugs and surveying vessels visit regularly.


A coal strike affects trade at Herculaneum Dock.


A rail strike affects trade at Herculaneum Dock.


An oil jetty is built at Herculaneum Dock for the growing oil trade.


A coal strike affects trade at Herculaneum Dock that begins to decline.


Oil jetties are built at Herculaneum Dock for the growing oil trade.


War begins and Herculaneum Dock is in constant use. This is the dock's busiest time ever. Liverpool is the main port for the North Atlantic convoy.


The jetties at Herculaneum Dock are still popular with oil tankers. Pipes carry oil from the oil stores to ships, railway wagons (fireless engines) and barges.


A new buoy store is built at Herculaneum Dock to clean and repair buoys, cables, and small boats. A blacksmith and shipwright are also built.


Herculaneum is losing business. It has been affected by several factors including:

silting of the dock river entrance and oil jetties.
changes in world trade patterns (the main change was the move to shipping crude oil, which was never imported to Liverpool).
competition from the Birkenhead side of the river Mersey.


Herculaneum Dock closes and is filled shortly after. The oil trade has moved across the river to Tranmere. The casemates are still very cheap to rent so are used to store explosives, radioactive substances and sometimes wine and cotton.

In 2004, the site was bought by national property developer David McLean Homes and a riverside residential development, called City Quay, Liverpool was built on the dock

me and kevsy21 was passing this complex and decided to take a closer look at these remaining tunnels ,we had originally only planned to get out of the car and take external pics....not expecting to be able to gain access to a few of them so it was a nice surprise when we did.

explored with kevsy21

admitedly not much ,but every hole is a goal especially when it concerns liverpool's history/heritage

im using a new camera on this report so bear with me on the pics as im still getting used to the damn thing

a few old pics i found online to start off with

"Each Store is a Short Tunnel 60ft long in the Sandstone Rock"

These casemates remain a feature of City Quay today, forming the base of the sandstone cliff that separates the development from Grafton Street above. In all 63 casemates remain.

some of them had what looked like a natural spring above them , the constant stream of water had rusted open a few of them

just for scale of height there quite high or 4 kevsy's stacked ontop of eachother

the different colourations/layers of sandstone were cool

some remaining cobbles outside

we came across a cool memorial next to the apartments,representing scenes from the working class and trade union history of Liverpool.

the site of the former herculaneum dock today and a smily face carved in the sandstone
Reply With Quote
the kwan is Offline
Easily Led
Posts: 180
Join Date: Jan 2012
Location: wirral merseyside
Default 21-09-2012, 23:49

Nice report mate.."4 kevsys stacked on top of each other" it
Reply With Quote
Gone's Avatar
Gone is Offline
Senior Member
Posts: 436
Join Date: Nov 2009
Default 22-09-2012, 00:36

great those mate, lovely history behind em too.
Reply With Quote
Reddood's Avatar
Reddood is Offline
Dood of redness
Posts: 408
Join Date: May 2010
Location: Salford (not manchester)
Default 22-09-2012, 16:37

what happend to my yosser hughes comment.. it was there as there is a picture of him.

Visit my blog NOW -
Reply With Quote
Morrisey's Avatar
Morrisey is Offline
Posts: 672
Join Date: Apr 2008
Default 22-09-2012, 21:37

Always wondered what was at the back of them doors.

Reply With Quote
The Cat Crept In's Avatar
The Cat Crept In is Offline
Super Member
Posts: 315
Join Date: Mar 2010
Location: Liverpool
Default 23-09-2012, 15:41

Very interesting I drove past here the other day did you have to wait for one of the residence to open the gate to get in ?
Reply With Quote
georgie's Avatar
georgie is Offline
Super Moderator
Posts: 733
Join Date: Jul 2009
Default 23-09-2012, 23:32

Originally Posted by The Cat Crept In View Post
Very interesting I drove past here the other day did you have to wait for one of the residence to open the gate to get in ?
every little helps............

yehh didnt have to wait for long as theres people coming and going all the time........
Reply With Quote
Gibbo's Avatar
Gibbo is Offline
Just say NO
Posts: 1,144
Join Date: Apr 2008
Location: Prenton, Wirral
Default 24-09-2012, 14:05

I recognise that second to last pic - the big staircase that leads to the street where they filmed Bread!

You have a talent for seeing stuff though. When I was here back in the Summer I thought "Meh" and didn't even bother to get out the camera.

Reply With Quote
Flora the explorer's Avatar
Flora the explorer is Offline
New Member
Posts: 7
Join Date: Sep 2012
Default 24-09-2012, 19:35

Fab graffiti, as much of Liverpool's history as the casements are.

Reply With Quote
sallybear's Avatar
sallybear is Offline
the bird is the word
Posts: 391
Join Date: Feb 2009
Location: Wirral
Default 26-09-2012, 23:15

Brilliant, as Gibbo said we were there over the summer and didn't even bother, I think we are either getting old, or just well....getting old. Perhaps we need a day out with you!!

I am a serious fan, I have the kaleidoscope
Reply With Quote


Currently Active Users Viewing This Thread: 1 (0 members and 1 guests)
Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.6
Copyright ©2000 - 2021, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.
vBulletin Skin developed by:
2008-2015. Photographs and text are copyright and the property of the poster unless otherwise stated, and should not be used without express written permission.
Any opinions stated by users of this forum are NOT those of the site owners, each poster takes FULL responsibility for their own posts.